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Nonlocality of a Single Particle Demonstrated Without Objections

first_imgDetecting single-particle nonlocality: The yellow path is Hardy’s original scheme. The red path is part of the modified version, where a reference state is created in the “black box.” The reference state is split off by beam splitter 1 toward Alice, and the other part is reflected off a mirror and then split off by beam splitter 2 toward Bob. This ensures that Alice and Bob can consistently compare their measurement results, and that the nonlocality must stem from the original single-particle state. (Modified image from Dunningham and Vedral) Although the idea is counterintuitive, nonlocality is now widely accepted by physicists, albeit almost exclusively for two-particle systems. So far, no experiment has sufficiently demonstrated the nonlocality of a single particle, although explanations have been proposed since 1991 (starting with Tan, Walls, and Collett). Since then, the issue has been strongly debated by physicists. In 1994, Lucien Hardy proposed a modified scheme of Tan, Walls, and Collett’s claim. However, others (notably Greenberger, Horne, and Zeilinger) objected to Hardy’s scheme, claiming that it was really a multi-particle effect in disguise, and could not be demonstrated experimentally. Now, Jacob Dunningham from the University of Leeds and Vlatko Vedral from the University of Leeds and the National University of Singapore have modified Hardy’s scheme, publishing their results in a recent issue of Physical Review Letters. By eliminating all unphysical inputs, their scheme allows for a real experiment, and ensures that only a single particle exhibits nonlocality. Plus, Dunningham and Vedral’s scheme not only applies to single photons, but to atoms and single massive particles, as well.“The greatest significance of this work is that it shows how superposition and entanglement are the same ‘mystery,’” Dunningham explained to PhysOrg.com. “Feynman famously said that superposition is the only mystery in quantum mechanics, but more recently entanglement has been widely considered as an additional fundamental feature of quantum physics. Here we show that they are one and the same.”In Hardy’s original scheme, one photon and a vacuum state arrive at a beam splitter, a glass prism that splits a beam of light in two. Two observers, Alice and Bob, have the option to either measure one of the beams, or to combine their beam with a coherent light beam, split the resulting beam with another beam splitter, and then measure the two outputs (also known as a “homodyne detection”).Alice and Bob’s decisions could result in four possible combinations. First, if they both measure their beam from the original beam splitter, only one will detect a photon. Second, if Alice adds a coherent state to her beam while Bob measures his original split beam, Alice has two chances of detecting a photon, at the two outputs (c1, d1) of her beam splitter. Hardy showed that, if Alice detected a photon at c1, Bob would not detect a photon; but if Alice detected a photon at d1, Bob must detect a photon. In the third possibility, the roles of Alice and Bob are simply switched, with the same results. Traveling without moving: Quantum communication scheme transfers quantum states without transmitting physical particles Usually when physicists talk about nonlocality in quantum mechanics, they’re referring to the fact that two particles can have immediate effects on each other, even when separated by large distances. Einstein famously called the phenomena “spooky interaction at a distance” because information about a particle seems to be traveling faster than the speed of light, violating the laws of causality. In the fourth possibility, both Alice and Bob make homodyne detections. If they both detect particles at their d detectors (d1 and d2, respectively), then they both infer that the other must detect a photon from the original source. This is a problem, because they cannot both be right—there is only one original photon.Hardy argued that this scheme demonstrates the nonlocality of a single particle when one eliminates the implicit local assumption that Alice’s result is independent of Bob’s measurement (and vice versa). Rather, one observer’s result does depend on the other’s measurement, so that, due to a nonlocal influence, the second observer’s measurement is determined by the first observer’s measurement.“If we try and interpret this experimental scheme using only classical physics, it turns out that it is not possible for the outcomes of all four of the proposed experiments to be consistent,” Vedral explained. “The outcome of experiment four is not consistent with the others. Classical physics assumes that the particle exists independent of our observing (or measuring) it, and also that one measurement cannot influence a particle at a distance. “For example, what Alice does cannot affect Bob’s particle,” he continued. “Since the outcomes of this scheme are not consistent with classical physics, we must drop one of the assumptions. This means that if we wish to maintain the view that reality exists independent of our measurements (e.g. the moon is there even if we don’t look at it), we are forced to accept that the world is nonlocal. This is how Hardy based his argument for nonlocality on the contradictory outcomes.”However, Greenberger, Horne, and Zeilinger took issue with Hardy’s argument, pointing out that combining a photon and a vacuum does not result in an observable state, and therefore could not be performed in a real experiment. They even attempted a scheme that didn’t use these so-called “partlycle” superpositions, but found that the entire system then demonstrated nonlocality, making it impossible to attribute nonlocality to a single particle.Dunningham and Vedral’s proposal makes a few key changes to Hardy’s scheme. First, instead of using coherent states of a photon and vacuum, they use mixed states—a mixture of coherent states averaged over all phases of the particles. In this way, they don’t violate superselection rules and so avoid objections that have been raised before. Then, for the homodyne detections, they ensure that the coherent light beam combining with the original beam has the same phase. Having the same phase is key, as it ensures that Alice and Bob can consistently compare their measurement results. The coherent states are only classically correlated with the single particle state. This means that, when Alice and Bob perform their homodyne detections, and one detection influences the other, the nonlocality must stem from the original single-particle state.Because the main importance is maintaining a common average phase—but not a specific phase—Dunningham and Vedral’s scheme could, in principle, be carried out in the laboratory. Also, the researchers suggest that, by using beam splitters for atoms and atom detectors, their scheme could conceivably verify the nonlocality of a single massive particle, in addition to a massless photon.“An important feature of this work is that it shows how this experiment could be carried out without violating the number conservation superselection rule,” Dunningham said. “This is important because people are often happy to accept such violations for massless particles (e.g. photons) but not for massive particles such as atoms. By avoiding this violation altogether, we show that the outcomes of this proposed experiment should be the same for both massive and massless particles.”The scientists note an interesting comparison of their result to a principle of Leibniz’s metaphysics, the identity of indiscernibles. According to the principle, a pair of entangled quantum particles must be indiscernible from a single particle, since both objects have in common all the same properties—this is the only stipulation of the principle, number being irrelevant. The single-state nonlocality demonstrated here reinforces the equivalence of a single state and an entangled state—giving more credence to the position that quantum field theory, where fields are fundamental and particles secondary, is a close representation of reality. More information: Dunningham, Jacob and Vedral, Vlatko. “Nonlocality of a Single Particle.” Physical Review Letters 99, 180404 (2007). Copyright 2007 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com.center_img This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore further Citation: Nonlocality of a Single Particle Demonstrated Without Objections (2007, November 9) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2007-11-nonlocality-particle.htmllast_img read more

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Street display spins electromagnetic dots bares clues w Video

first_imgThe TNT-promoting clicker is that through people’s body movements, whether they are darting back and forth or waving their arms or doing a more complex move–can literally erase words from the screen – baring instead clues, mysterious sounding word statements, such as “She can’t sense time.” The technology concept builds on the audible clackety flip-boards on the walls of train-stations, which the technology team behind the sign, Brooklyn-based Breakfast, raised to another level.They built the wall display at the Breakfast site and got the dots to run 15 times faster than originally designed to create the word clue-finding experience for people in the city. “Transporting the screen over here was like moving a 500-pound butterfly..and very sensitive. It was nerve-wracking,” commented one Breakfast staffer. © 2012 Phys.org The 23×12 foot display’s 44,000 spinning dots have a unique interactive mission with pedestrians. The dots react and the screen reflects back a unique image of anyone walking by the screen. Also, if you move your hand, arm, or any other body part, you hear the movement back, like a roomful of poker chips shuffling down. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Speaking about the thousands of tiny little dots that flip from black to white, he said the team wired a them to run very fast— increasing the rate at which the dots can flip between a black and white display element—such that there would be no delay as pedestrians got to use their bodies to bare the hidden clue words.The impact of the street display screen may not just result in crowd interest in the TV drama series but in favorable publicity for Breakfast. Its web site indicates the team is ambitious about being in on projects that make everyday objects smart. “The reason you didn’t sit at the kitchen table this morning and get the weather from your cereal box is simply because the cereal company didn’t even know to ask,” says the Breakfast site. The display will continue to run 24 hours a day until July 29. Explore furthercenter_img (Phys.org) — TNT’s promotion of a crime-solving show Perception is turning out to be a Manhattan pedestrian show-stopper with its electromagnetic-dot display. The recently introduced sidewalk display raises eyebrows on what technology can bring to the effort of messaging large audiences. Call it sign technology of the future planted in the here and now. A giant screen made up of 40,000 physical dots fast-spinning from black to white has been rolled out and on to the streets of Manhattan at Herald Square at 885 Sixth Avenue and 32nd Street. Citation: Street display spins electromagnetic dots, bares clues (w/ Video) (2012, July 20) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-07-street-electromagnetic-dots-clues-video.html Change blindness animation captures top illusion prize More information: breakfastny.com/2012/06/reacti … net-dot-display-per/ The sign has caused no small sensation, as users get to see a unique black-and-white reflection of their movements, and to listen to what their movement sounds like, and to witness the words being pushed back as they move, with the thousands of dots spinning rapidly back and forth.TNT is a television channel that approached Breakfast, a creative agency that considers itself as “custom tailors of the tech world.” The Breakfast team specializes in custom physical digital installations. The reactive super-speed electromagnetic dot display was something that Breakfast knew could relate, at least in theory, to a New York pedestrian culture that represents a challenge. “New York sidewalks are like a highway,” said Breakfast creative director, Andrew Zolty. “Nobody stops.” The creative act of message passing had to be one that could happen fast. last_img read more

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Physics group looks ahead past LHC to LEP3

first_img The infamous LHC, is of course, the large circular piece of machinery that sits in a tunnel beneath the ground near Geneva, Switzerland and is used to study what happens when sub-atomic particles are smashed together at very high speeds. Two projects there, ATLAS and CMS, part of the CERN research effort, recently made worldwide headlines after proving the existence of a “Higgs-like” particle that most believe to be the elusive Higgs boson. Current research efforts on that project are still undergoing, with both teams still hoping to offer definitive proof that the particle they are observing is indeed the Higgs. But then what? That’s the question on the minds of many as plans for utilizing the massively expensive experimental equipment look as far ahead as perhaps the 2030’s. And because such equipment takes years of planning and construction, physics teams have already been formed looking towards the next phase.First, virtually all agree that the LHC equipment will be upgraded over the next decade or so, to bump up its energy and luminosity. After that though, it appears the next step will depend on what researchers turn up using the LHC. Most assuredly, more will be learned about the Higgs, but if new experiments also uncover more particles, such as the supersymmteric particle, than physicists will want to be able to study those as well, which would dim the prospects of a project that could only study the Higgs, such as LEP3. That’s where other proposals such as the International Linear Collider (ILC) and the Compact Linear Collider (CLIC) come in, both are capable of including the study of other particles, but both would also cost more.One major difference between the LHC and LEP3 would be the type of particles that are smashed together. The LHC runs protons into protons, whereas LEP3 would run electrons into positrons or vice-versa. LEP3 also calls for two accelerator rings rather than just the one used by the LHC. The team says they believe the LEP3 could be built in as little as ten years using the existing infrastructure and could even coexist with the LHC for some amount of time if necessary. (Phys.org) — A group of physicists is looking beyond the usefulness of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) to a new collider that would sit in the tunnel still occupied by the LHC, to an updated version of what was there before, the Large Electron-Positron Collider (LEP). The new one would be called, aptly enough, LEP3. The group, from the UK, Russia, Japan, Switzerland and the US, say the collider would be used to study the Higgs boson. Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. © 2012 Phys.org CERN plans to announce latest results in search for Higgs boson particle Citation: Physics group looks ahead past LHC to LEP3 (2012, August 8) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-08-physics-group-lhc-lep3.htmllast_img read more

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Ecologist trio calls for efforts to mitigate human impact on flying animals

first_img High flying birds at greater risk of collision with offshore wind turbines Citation: Ecologist trio calls for efforts to mitigate human impact on flying animals (2015, May 1) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2015-05-ecologist-trio-efforts-mitigate-human.html Journal information: Science More information: Human-wildlife conflicts in a crowded airspace Science 1 May 2015: Vol. 348 no. 6234 pp. 502-504. DOI: 10.1126/science.aaa6743AbstractOver the past century, humans have increasingly used the airspace for purposes such as transportation, energy generation, and surveillance. Conflict with wildlife may arise from buildings, turbines, power lines, and antennae that project into space and from flying objects such as aircrafts, helicopters, and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs, or drones). The resulting collision and disturbance risks profoundly affect species ecology and conservation. Yet, aerial interactions between humans and wildlife are often neglected when considering the ecological consequences of human activities. The authors note that as human activities that infiltrate airspace have increased over the years, the result has been more animal deaths and disruptions that have led to lowered survival rates. The list includes such things as tall buildings, antennae, wind turbines, power lines and aircraft—including drones. They point out also that very few impact studies are done that take into consideration flying wildlife when human projects are undertaken and that aerial interactions between human constructs and wildlife are rarely considered as part of ecological consequences.The result of ignoring human development on flying wildlife has led to the deaths of millions of animals worldwide and some human deaths as well, the authors claim, such as when birds smash through plane windows or get sucked into engines causing crashes. They suggest that mitigation efforts could reduce such casualties and reduce property losses—a glass additive that would allow birds to see skyscraper windows, is just one example. They point out that most human/wildlife aerial interaction occur relatively close to the ground, as that is where most birds fly, thus mitigation efforts need only concentrate on airspace approximately one hundred meters off the ground. They point out that some mitigation efforts would seem obvious, such as conducting a bird census in a given area before building an airport there.The authors also note that some impacts on aerial wildlife are not so obvious, but should be taken into consideration nonetheless, such as the ways in which wind farms and buildings cause a change in local airflow patterns, which could cause problems for migrating species of birds. Human activities are also impacting aerial micro-biota, they note, which may in turn be having an impact on weather—such creatures serve as aerosols in cloud formation.The authors conclude by suggesting we humans begin to think a little bit more about the impact of our activities on aerial biology and then, to devise strategies for mitigating the problem. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.center_img © 2015 Phys.org (Phys.org)—A trio of ecologists, one with Universidad Nacional del Comahue in Argentina and the other two with Swansea University in the U.K., has written and published a Perspective piece in the journal Science, calling for increased efforts to mitigate human caused deaths of flying animals. In their article, Sergio Lambertucci, Emily Shepard and Rory Wilson argue that not enough is being done to prevent the incidental deaths of wildlife that fly into buildings, airplanes or turbine blades. Explore further Crowded sky: Use of the airspace by wildlife and humans. Schematic interaction between human-made structures and flying animals. Credit: Fernando Ballejolast_img read more

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Black butterfly wings offer a model for better solar cells

first_img As scientists seek ways to improve the efficiency of solar cells, some have increasingly turned to thin film solar cells. Not only are such cells lighter and more manageable than traditional crystal-based cells, but they are expected to be more efficient if engineers can find a way to get them to work for longer periods of time. One of the roadblocks to improving the efficiency of solar cells in general is the high expense of motion hardware that tracks the sun. In this new effort, the researchers took inspiration from the rose butterfly, found commonly in India. It has soft black wings that warm the cold-blooded insect during cool periods.To learn more about the butterfly wings, the group collected some samples and looked at them under an electron microscope. They found that the wings were covered with scales pockmarked with holes. In addition to making the wings lighter, the holes, the researchers found, scattered the light striking them, which allowed the butterfly to absorb more of the sun’s heat. Scientists from KIT and Caltech utilize the disordered nanoholes of the black butterfly to improve solar cell performace. Credit: Radwanul Hasan Siddique, KIT/Caltech Intrigued by the butterfly design, the researchers created similar structures in their lab using sheets of hydrogenated amorphous silicon sheets. A top layer with extremely tiny holes of various sizes caused light to scatter and strike the silicon base below. The design, the team found, allowed for picking up roughly twice as much light as previous designs. Butterfly wings inspire invention that opens door to new solar technologies Optical simulation of the micro and nanostructures of the P. aristolochiae butterfly. Credit: Radwanul Hasan Siddique, KIT/Caltech More information: R.H. Siddique el al., “Bioinspired phase-separated disordered nanostructures for thin photovoltaic absorbers,” Science Advances (2017). advances.sciencemag.org/content/3/10/e1700232AbstractThe wings of the black butterfly, Pachliopta aristolochiae, are covered by micro- and nanostructured scales that harvest sunlight over a wide spectral and angular range. Considering that these properties are particularly attractive for photovoltaic applications, we analyze the contribution of these micro- and nanostructures, focusing on the structural disorder observed in the wing scales. In addition to microspectroscopy experiments, we conduct three-dimensional optical simulations of the exact scale structure. On the basis of these results, we design nanostructured thin photovoltaic absorbers of disordered nanoholes, which combine efficient light in-coupling and light-trapping properties together with a high angular robustness. Finally, inspired by the phase separation mechanism of self-assembled biophotonic nanostructures, we fabricate these bioinspired absorbers using a scalable, self-assembly patterning technique based on the phase separation of binary polymer mixture. The nanopatterned absorbers achieve a relative integrated absorption increase of 90% at a normal incident angle of light to as high as 200% at large incident angles, demonstrating the potential of black butterfly structures for light-harvesting purposes in thin-film solar cells. Journal information: Science Advances Black butterfly sketch. Credit: Radwanul Hasan Siddique, KIT/Caltech Scientists from KIT and Caltech utilize the disordered nanoholes of the black butterfly to improve solar cell performace. Credit: Radwanul Hasan Siddique, KIT/Caltech © 2017 Tech Xplorecenter_img (Phys.org)—A team of researchers with California Institute of Technology and the Karlsruh Institute of Technology has improved the efficiency of thin film solar cells by mimicking the architecture of rose butterfly wings. In their paper published in the journal Science Advances, the group explains their inspiration for studying the butterfly wings and the details of their improved solar cells. Citation: Black butterfly wings offer a model for better solar cells (2017, October 19) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-10-black-butterfly-wings-solar-cells.html Scanning electron microscope image of black butterfly nanoholes. Credit: Radwanul Hasan Siddique, KIT/Caltech Scientists from KIT and Caltech utilize the disordered nanoholes of the black butterfly to improve solar cell performace. Credit: Radwanul Hasan Siddique, KIT/Caltech The group reports that creating the cells was quick and easy. They made the holes by dropping bits of a binary polymer solution that did not mix with the type of polymer used to create the sheet. The process took just five to 10 minutes. Explore further Scientists from KIT and Caltech utilize the disordered nanoholes of the black butterfly to improve solar cell performace. Credit: Radwanul Hasan Siddique, KIT/Caltech This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

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Protect your fourlegged friends

first_imgIf you see your dear pet lazying around, vomiting, drooling or panting, take it immediately to a good veterinarian. Beware, it can be a heatstroke caused by hot and humid weather.Experts suggest, you can protect your pooches from heatstroke by providing fresh food, lot of water and avoid taking them out during daytime. Humane Society International (HSI), India, shares some important tips to keep pets safe during the warm months:Vet Visit: A visit to the veterinarian for an early summer check-up is a must. Get your pet tested for heartworms. Ask the vet how to keep pets free from flea and ticks or start a safe flea and tick control program. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Watch Warning Signs: Symptoms of overheating in pets include panting, staring, drooling, warm and dry skin, high fever, rapid heartbeat, vomiting. Consult the vet immediately when you observe these signs. Animals with flat faces, like Pugs and Persian cats, are more susceptible to heat stroke since they cannot pant as effectively. Constant Supply of Fresh Water: Dogs and cats quickly dehydrate, so make sure you provide them with plenty of clean, fresh water all the time.  Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixDon’t Over-exercise Your Pet: Never let your pet indulge in over exercise sessions even if it’s during the coolest part of the day like early morning or evening. Long periods of exercise in hot weather can lead to heat stroke.Don’t Leave Pets Alone In Parking Vehicle: Never leave your pet alone in a parked vehicle. Even with the windows open, your car becomes a furnace in hot weather, which can give rise to fatal heat stroke.Avoid Chemicals: Never expose your animals to chemicals like rodenticides, tick and flea products and lawn and garden insecticides. Animals are closer to ground and soil and hence are more vulnerable to these chemicals than humans. Their faster metabolism and smaller lungs enables them to inhale chemicals at a faster rate, but their bodies have to work harder to eliminate these toxins. It can also affect long-term health.Summer Party: Remember to keep your pet away from the potential food and drink hazards in a summer party.Don’t treat your pet with the snacks offered to the guests. Avoid feeding pets raisins, grapes, onions and chocolate. While rains bring the temperatures down, the humidity makes life as difficult for them as it does for us. So take good care of them and yourself.last_img read more

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A spice route to perfect winters

first_imgWinter is just the perfect time to plate up some delicious eats and make sure they are high on the taste and spice scale to warm  you up! The Imperial is all set to take this on as maverick Chef De Cuisine Veena Arora traces the journey of spices with her annual and most popular menu Winter Collection- a South East Asian Affair offering best of sea delicacies to keep you warm this winter, at The Spice Route. Sea food rules this November and December at our world famous restaurant which offers a wide variety of dishes made out of king prawns, squids, lobster and variety of fishes, making your dining experience extremely palatable and delightful. Epicureans can choose from the concept dishes like Prawn in a Sarong – Malaysian style por pia skin wrapped prawns, flavoured with lemongrass, chillies and fried crisp. Served with sweet chilli and plum sauce  which is a creative presentation of prawns wrapped in Por Pia skin (Thai spring rolls) flavoured with lemon grass. It is not only a visual treat but is an excellent combination of lemongrass with chillies and garlic made in a sarong style. Meen Rassam- Mixed sea food rassam, tempered with Kerala spices and Muc Xao Phap Cam – wok fried squid with pickled mustard Vietnamese style is another palatable offering amongst others. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The winter collection menu is conceptualised in such a way that all the dishes and ingredients are perfectly suited for winter season. The menu has Srilankan Malaysian, Vietnamese and off course Thai creations including Chef’s Special Fish – Crispy sole fillets served with pineapple sauce and Chef’s Special Prawn – Wok fried prawns with spicy sauce, pickled garlic and fresh Thai herbs for a wholesome and healthy sea food experience. The most unique aspect about the menu is it is popular from past 18 years since The Spice Route came into existence. One if the speciality Thalay Naam Prik Phao –  Stir-fried mixed seafood with Thai Tom Yum paste is a delectable dish with the taste of basil leaves and kaffir lime leaves. Both these ingredients are high on health quotient and keep you warm in winters while going extremely well with sea food. So the winter collection menu is healthy, delectable and impeccable for winters.Meal for Two : INR 8000+ taxes for two without alcoholWHEN: On till  31 December, Lunch: 12:30pm to 2:45pm and Dinner: 7:00pm to 11:45pmlast_img read more

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A Harmonic rendition

first_imgIn order to revive the interest in our traditional art forms, both in musical and performing arts  among the younger generation the Sri Ram Centre For Performing Arts and Bharatiya Sangeet Sadan organised the Swami Haridas Tansen Sangeet Nritya Mahotsav at Modern School Barakhamba. The festival endeavoured to commemorate the legendary guru-shishya parampara that was prevalent during the Moghul period between two of the greatest musical geniuses of India: the venerable saint-musician, poet and composer of Brindavan Swami Haridas and his illustrious disciple Mian Tansen.  Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’This festival which started 11 years ago is a lyrical tribute to the music aficionados and aims to keep alive and spread their heritage towards a cultural ‘renaissance’ and resuscitation of the musical ethos. The Mahotsav holds an array of music, dance and vocal recitals presenting some of the best artistes of the country. The festival originally started at Vrindavan with Swami Shri Gopalji of Vrindavan and then shifted to Delhi. Now, for the last 15 years this festival has been continually organized in Delhi and the main initiator of the festival has been the well known Kathak dancer, Uma Sharma.  Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixCommenting on the festival Uma Sharma said, ‘I want to keep up the spirit of real music among the people by promoting it globally; this festival is a token of respect to all masters for their amazing work and I hope it continues on successfully.’ The festival which continued for three days saw performances from maestros like Zakir Hussain, Vinay Bharat-Ram, Ashish Khan, Shubha Mudgal, Uma Sharma, Rajan Sajan Mishra, Vishwa Mohan Bhatt, Iqbal Ahmed Khan, Shujaat Hussain Khan and Mangiyaars of Rajasthan. Some of the renowned  personalities  who attended the shows were  actress Sushma Seth, actor Ashish Vidyarthi, artist Neeraj Gupta, author Alexshendra Venus Bakshi, Kathak dancer Uma Sharma and Shiv Nadar.last_img read more

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An affair is like an addiction

first_imgI am fed up of my marriage; it’s just not working out. I want to move out but just not sure about divorce!Name unknown, LucknowMany people who say they want a divorce still have strong feelings for their partner, but due to an ongoing power struggle in the relationship, there is a lack of intimacy. It is best to work on your relationship before deciding to divorce, otherwise your feelings of loss will overwhelm you and you may be worse off after the divorce than you are now. Sit back, relax.  May be you might get the direction but ultimately it is your decision. Do take enough time to analyze before jumping into any conclusion. Good luck! Also Read – Find your own happinessMy girlfriend is 10 years older than me. Is it a big deal? We want to get married.Safraz, New DelhiIt is only a big deal when you allow yourself to believe so. There are many people out there that are married to mismatched age differences. 10 years is just enough to change the kind of music you both listen to and phases you experienced, but generally society and the way people are brought up do not change that drastically in 10 years. So chances are you will be more compatible than Also Read – Into the wildyou think. People are always going to be quick to judge to make themselves feel better. But in the end, this is YOUR life and you should move about it and make decisions that will make YOU happy! 🙂 Don’t let the world’s taboos and stereotypes keep you from taking risks!My wife is having an affair and she has left me. She never tells me the reason for this fallout. Can you help me identify. I’m very depressed.V.S, NagpurWe marry because we are in love, and we fall in love with those who meet our most important requirement – emotional need.  When the one we marry stops meeting those emotional need, we become vulnerable to others who are willing and able to meet them. If we let someone else meet our needs, we fall in love with that person, and an affair is off and running. Once an affair begins, it is like an addiction. The same emotional attachment that drew you and your spouse into marriage is now directed to someone else. So, time shall say the future. Don’t worry, all will happen for the best!Send your questions to –  roopshashotm@gmail.comlast_img read more

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My books sell

first_imgWriting for a large audience“A writer’s first job is to strike a chord, and not to please elite circles,” he said. “He or she must care for his readers and listen to them. It just cannot about sophisticated language. It is more about what is being said and communicated that strikes a chord.” Chetan strongly believes that the language should be colloquial, since popular fiction deals with dialogue from the streets.Portraying Writing Style and Characters Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Bhagat’s writing style tends to be simple with linear narratives and vivid storytelling. His protagonists tend to be named after avatars of Hindu deities like Vishnu, Ashwani Rana, Hari, Shyam, Govind or Krishna. All his books have a number in their title (e.g. ‘five’ in the first, ‘one’ in the second, ‘three in the third and ‘two’ in the fourth book.)  “I am a banker and I can’t get numbers out of my head,” he said. Bhagat is the first to admit that he is no Arundhati Roy and he knows how seasoned critics feel that his books are shallow. In a riposte to those critics, Bhagat said, “My books sell. I write for ordinary young people who feel suffocated by their parents’ desire for them to become doctors, lawyers, or engineers.”  Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixIndian youngsters live under pressure-cooker conditions to succeed, according to Bhagat. There is cutthroat competition to win places in India’s elite universities with youngsters compelled to score big. Such social conditions are explored in Bhagat’s writing. The lives of his characters tend to revolve around such social conditions surrounding the Indian middle class. Bhagat believes that India needs to have an academic and social revolution to prevent young students from simply regurgitating what they learn without thinking. He wants to convey this message across to the Indian youth. “Even if they don’t get stratospheric marks, they are still entitled to a happy life,” he said. “It’s not the end of the world if they fail.” His writing vividly captures the worries, anxieties and all those other preoccupations that youngsters endure. His subject matter includes parental pressure, pre-marital sex, drinking and other topics that are considered taboo in conservative middle class societies. Rejuvenating thePotential of young minds“I was not referring to any particular MBA program or college but the truth of pursuing success,” Bhagat says. “Personally, I was enchanted by the way that graphs play role in our lives. The result of which will be the graphs that sensitize human life. An IIT student myself, I wrote my first book to break the stereotypes attached to the varsity.”Going along with this particular train of thought, Bhagat says, “My books talk about what is happening with the youth. When I wrote One Night at the Call Centre there was this trend of young people working at call centres. With Three Mistakes of My Life, it was about youth and entrepreneurship, while 2 States is about marriage.” Easy to read, a lot of youngsters can relate to his words. And he has no intention of changing his writing style. “A writer can’t change his style,” he opines. “Why would I want to change it when it’s being well received?”“My biggest inspiration is being regarded as the voice of the youth” Bhagat says. However, he is also well aware of the expectations he carries. “I wrote my first book in innocence,” he said. “But after it did well, people expected a lot and judged me. I knew my works would be ripped apart as Five Point… had set the bar high.” Through his narratives, Bhagat has struck a chord with young population of India as he talks about issues that are pertinent to their lives. Another reason that can explain his huge fan-following has pretty much to do with his personality. Unlike other writers, Bhagat appears more approachable and interacts with people more often and easily. Criticisms faced“It feels horrible and no one likes to be criticised,” he said. “But there is nothing you can do about it. You try to justify your own work, but it still feels terrible. You just try and not think about these incessant criticisms.” And this is exactly what he prefers to do about the whole controversy surrounding 3 Idiots. “I don’t need controversies to sell my book,” he says. “My book was huge hit much before the movie released. It was an issue of copyright. I don’t want to dig up on that controversy again as it is a thing of the past.” However, he has no problems about his books being made into movies because films reach a lot more people. “I am now more involved with the whole movie making process though,” added Bhagat. Contributions madeHe is a significant presence in India, when it comes to writing fiction. On many occasions, he’s been regarded as a role model for young people. Bhagat’s books have highlighted his deep concern about the problems, hopes and aspirations of the youth. “Practice, observe, be original and honest. Finally, possess a good purpose for writing.” And then he signs off.last_img read more

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